HPV is identified as a leading cause of Oropharyngeal Cancer.

Recent research by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has shown that the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and Oropharyngeal Cancer are related.   HPV is a sexually transmitted disease that is one of the leading causes of cervical cancer.  It is now also shown to be a leading cause of oropharyngeal cancer in Europe and the United States.  Oropharyngeal cancer is cancer of the mouth and pharynx.   HPV now has a vaccine, which can help to decrease the risk of cervical cancer and also oropharyngeal cancer since the vaccine protects against the HPV strain that cause the majority of both cancers caused  by HPV.  The study also suggested that those who are found to have HPV in their tonsils and smoke have a greater likelihood of contracting oropharyngeal cancer than those who do not.